July 13, 2014

STI Facts

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI’s)

  • 1 in 4 sexually active teenagers already have an STI. (www.cdc.gov)
  • Each year there nearly 20 million new cases of STI’s in America and half of those are in 15-24 year olds. (www.cdc.gov)
  • STI’s are spread through any type of sexual activity, vaginal, anal and oral sex.
  • A condom is not 100% guaranteed and will not protect you from all STD’s.
  • Many STI’s show no physical changes in your body so you may not know when you have contracted an STD.
  • Some STI’s can be cured (bacterial) and some cannot be cured (viral).
  • If STI’s are not known and treated right away they can do damage to your reproductive organs and other parts of the body.
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common STI in America.  There is no cure for it and is the leading cause of cervical cancer in women. (www.cdc.gov)
  • “The most reliable way to avoid infection is to not have sex.” (www.cdc.gov)

BIRTH CONTROL PILL/PATCH/DEPO INJECTION

  • Birth control is hormones released in your body to interfere with the natural menstrual cycle.
  • These hormones can create the release of the female egg (ovulation) to be delayed or the fertilized egg (egg & sperm together) unable to attach to the uterine lining.
  • Hormones released in the body can put you at risk to health risks now and in the future.

CONDOM

  • Condoms are not 100% effective to protect against STD’s or pregnancy.
  • 14% of couples who rely on condoms to avoid pregnancy will still get pregnant within the first year of use. (Contraceptive Technology, p. 329)
  • 2-4% of condoms leak, break or slip off.
  • Condoms reduce the risk of acquiring some STI’s, but they do not fully protect against HPV (the most common STI in America and causes 90% of all cervical cancer cases.) (www.cdc.gov)

EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTION(EC) MORNING AFTER PILL/PLAN B/ELLA

  • Emergency contraceptives (EC) is a high dose of the same hormone used in the birth control pill.
  • How these work: EC will either prevent the female egg from being released, block fertilization, or prevent the fertilized egg from implanting. www.mayoclinic.com
  • EC’s can have side effects such as menstrual bleeding, nausea, vomiting, changes in menstrual cycle, abdominal pain. www.mayoclinic.com
  • They are not 100% effective in terminating the pregnancy. www.womenshealth.gov
  • There are no long-term studies to show whether women will be permanently damaged from the high doses of hormone.
  • EC’s do not protect against any STD. www.planbonestep.com
  • EC’s can do damage to the reproductive organs, causing pregnancy complications in the future.